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The Song of Hiawatha

by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

A Vocabulary for Longfellow's Hiawatha

  • Adjidau'mo, the red squirrel

  • Ahdeek', the reindeer

  • Ahmeek', the beaver

  • Annemee'kee, the thunder

  • Apuk'wa, a bulrush

  • Baim-wa'wa, the sound of the thunder

  • Bemah'gut, the grape-vine

  • Chemaun', a birch canoe

  • Chetowaik', the plover

  • Chibia'bos, a musician; friend of Hiawatha; ruler of the Land of Spirits

  • Dahin'da, the bull frog

  • Dush-kwo-ne'-she or Kwo-ne'-she, the dragon fly

  • Esa, shame upon you

  • Ewa-yea', lullaby

  • Gitche Gu'mee, The Big-Sea-Water, Lake Superior

  • Gitche Man'ito, the Great Spirit, the Master of Life

  • Gushkewau', the darkness

  • Hiawa'tha, the Prophet, the Teacher, son of Mudjekeewis and the West-Wind Wenonah, daughter of Nokomis

  • Ia'goo, a great boaster and story-teller

  • Inin'ewug, men, or pawns in the Game of the Bowl

  • Ishkoodah', fire, a comet

  • Jee'bi, a ghost, a spirit

  • Joss'akeed, a prophet

  • Kabibonok'ka, the North-Wind

  • Ka'go, do not

  • Kahgahgee', the raven

  • Kaw, no

  • Kaween', no indeed

  • Kayoshk', the sea-gull

  • Kee'go, a fish

  • Keeway'din, the Northwest wind, the Home-wind

  • Kena'beek, a serpent

  • Keneu', the great war-eagle

  • Keno'zha, the pickerel

  • Ko'ko-ko'ho, the owl

  • Kuntasoo', the Game of Plumstones

  • Kwa'sind, the Strong Man

  • Kwo-ne'-she, or Dush-kwo-ne'-she, the dragon-fly

  • Mahnahbe'zee, the swan

  • Mahng, the loon

  • Mahnomo'nee, wild rice

  • Ma'ma, the woodpecker

  • Me'da, a medicine-man

  • Meenah'ga, the blueberry

  • Megissog'won, the great Pearl-Feather, a magician, and the Manito of Wealth

  • Meshinau'wa, a pipe-bearer

  • Minjekah'wun, Hiawatha's mittens

  • Minneha'ha, Laughing Water; wife of Hiawatha; a water-fall in a stream running into the Mississippi between Fort Snelling and the Falls of St. Anthony

  • Minne-wa'wa, a pleasant sound, as of the wind in the trees

  • Mishe-Mo'kwa, the Great Bear

  • Mishe-Nah'ma, the Great Sturgeon

  • Miskodeed', the Spring-Beauty, (Claytonia Virginica)

  • Monda'min, Indian corn

  • Moon of Bright Nights, April

  • Moon of Leaves, May

  • Moon of Strawberries, June

  • Moon of the Falling Leaves, September

  • Moon of Snow-shoes, November

  • Mudjekee'wis, the West-Wind; father of Hiawatha

  • Mudway-aush'ka, sound of waves on a shore

  • Mushkoda'sa, the grouse

  • Nah'ma, the sturgeon

  • Nah'ma-wusk, spearmint

  • Na'gow Wudj'oo, the Sand Dunes of Lake Superior

  • Nee-ba-naw'-baigs, water-spirits

  • Nenemoo'sha, sweetheart

  • Nepah'win, sleep

  • Noko'mis, a grandmother, mother of Wenonah

  • No'sa, my father

  • Nush'ka, look! look!

  • Odah'min, the strawberry

  • Okahha'wis, the fresh-water herring

  • Ome'mee, the pigeon

  • Ona'gon, a bowl

  • Opechee', the robin

  • Osse'o, Son of the Evening Star

  • Owais'sa, the blue-bird

  • Oweenee', wife of Osseo

  • Ozawa'beek, a round piece of brass or copper in the Game of the Bowl

  • Pah-puk-kee'na, the grasshopper

  • Pau'guk, death

  • Pau-Puk-Kee'wis, the handsome Yenadizze, the son of Storm Fool

  • Pe'boan, Winter

  • Pem'ican, meat of the deer or buffalo dried and pounded

  • Pezhekee', the bison

  • Pishnekuh', the brant

  • Pone'mah, hereafter

  • Puggawau'gun, a war-club

  • Puk-Wudj'ies, little wild men of the woods; pygmies

  • Sah-sah-je'wun, rapids

  • Segwun', Spring

  • Sha'da, the pelican

  • Shahbo'min, the gooseberry

  • Shah-shah, long ago

  • Shaugoda'ya, a coward

  • Shawgashee', the craw-fish

  • Shawonda'see, the South-Wind

  • Shaw-shaw, the swallow

  • Shesh'ebwug, ducks; pieces in the Game of the Bowl

  • Shin'gebis, the diver, or grebe

  • Showain'neme'shin, pity me

  • Shuh-shuh-gah', the blue heron

  • Soan-ge-ta'ha, strong-hearted

  • Subbeka'she, the spider

  • Sugge'me, the mosquito

  • To'tem, family coat-of-arms

  • Ugh, yes

  • Ugudwash', the sun-fish

  • Unktahee', the God of Water

  • Wabas'so, the rabbit, the North

  • Wabe'no, a magician, a juggler

  • Wabe'no-wusk, yarrow

  • Wa'bun, the East-Wind

  • Wa'bun An'nung, the Star of the East, the Morning Star

  • Wahono'win, a cry of lamentation

  • Wah-wah-tay'see, the fire-fly

  • Waubewy'on, a white skin wrapper

  • Wa'wa, the wild goose

  • Waw-be-wa'wa, the white goose

  • Wawonais'sa, the whippoorwill

  • Way-muk-kwa'na, the caterpillar

  • Weno'nah, the eldest daughter; Hiawatha's mother, daughter of Nokomis

  • Yenadiz'ze, an idler and gambler; an Indian dandy

B A C K

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